Hangfire Background Job Manager

Hangfire is an advanced background job manager. You can integrate Hangfire with the ABP Framework to use it instead of the default background job manager. In this way, you can use the same background job API for Hangfire and your code will be independent of Hangfire. If you like, you can directly use Hangfire's API, too.

See the background jobs document to learn how to use the background job system. This document only shows how to install and configure the Hangfire integration.

Installation

It is suggested to use the ABP CLI to install this package.

Using the ABP CLI

Open a command line window in the folder of the project (.csproj file) and type the following command:

abp add-package Volo.Abp.BackgroundJobs.HangFire

Manual Installation

If you want to manually install;

  1. Add the Volo.Abp.BackgroundJobs.HangFire NuGet package to your project:

    Install-Package Volo.Abp.BackgroundJobs.HangFire
    
  2. Add the AbpBackgroundJobsHangfireModule to the dependency list of your module:

[DependsOn(
    //...other dependencies
    typeof(AbpBackgroundJobsHangfireModule) //Add the new module dependency
    )]
public class YourModule : AbpModule
{
}

Configuration

You can install any storage for Hangfire. The most common one is SQL Server (see the Hangfire.SqlServer NuGet package).

After you have installed these NuGet packages, you need to configure your project to use Hangfire.

1.First, we change the Module class (example: <YourProjectName>HttpApiHostModule) to add Hangfire configuration of the storage and connection string in the ConfigureServices method:

  public override void ConfigureServices(ServiceConfigurationContext context)
  {
      var configuration = context.Services.GetConfiguration();
      var hostingEnvironment = context.Services.GetHostingEnvironment();

      //... other configarations.

      ConfigureHangfire(context, configuration);
  }

  private void ConfigureHangfire(ServiceConfigurationContext context, IConfiguration configuration)
  {
      context.Services.AddHangfire(config =>
      {
          config.UseSqlServerStorage(configuration.GetConnectionString("Default"));
      });
  }
  1. If you want to use hangfire's dashboard, you can add UseHangfireDashboard call in the OnApplicationInitialization method in Module class
 public override void OnApplicationInitialization(ApplicationInitializationContext context)
 {
    var app = context.GetApplicationBuilder();
            
    // ... others
    
    app.UseHangfireDashboard();
 
 }

Dashboard Authorization

Hangfire Dashboard provides information about your background jobs, including method names and serialized arguments as well as gives you an opportunity to manage them by performing different actions – retry, delete, trigger, etc. So it is important to restrict access to the Dashboard. To make it secure by default, only local requests are allowed, however you can change this by following the official documentation of Hangfire.

You can integrate the Hangfire dashboard to ABP authorization system using the AbpHangfireAuthorizationFilter class. This class is defined in the Volo.Abp.Hangfire package. The following example, checks if the current user is logged in to the application:

app.UseHangfireDashboard("/hangfire", new DashboardOptions
{
    AsyncAuthorization = new[] { new AbpHangfireAuthorizationFilter() }
});
  • AbpHangfireAuthorizationFilter is an implementation of an authorization filter.

AbpHangfireAuthorizationFilter

AbpHangfireAuthorizationFilter class has the following fields:

  • enableTenant (bool, default: false): Enables/disables accessing the Hangfire dashboard on tenant users.
  • requiredPermissionName (string, default: null): Hangfire dashboard is accessible only if the current user has the specified permission. In this case, if we specify a permission name, we don't need to set enableTenant true because the permission system already does it.

If you want to require an additional permission, you can pass it into the constructor as below:

app.UseHangfireDashboard("/hangfire", new DashboardOptions
{
    AsyncAuthorization = new[] { new AbpHangfireAuthorizationFilter(requiredPermissionName: "MyHangFireDashboardPermissionName") }
});

Important: UseHangfireDashboard should be called after the authentication and authorization middlewares in your Startup class (probably at the last line). Otherwise, authorization will always fail!

In this document