Angular Tutorial - Part III

About this Tutorial

This is the third part of the Angular tutorial series. See all parts:

This part covers the server side tests. You can access to the source code of the application from the GitHub repository.

Test Projects in the Solution

There are multiple test projects in the solution:

bookstore-test-projects

Each project is used to test the related application project. Test projects use the following libraries for testing:

Adding Test Data

Startup template contains the BookStoreTestDataSeedContributor class in the Acme.BookStore.TestBase project that creates some data to run tests on.

Change the BookStoreTestDataSeedContributor class as show below:

using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Volo.Abp.Data;
using Volo.Abp.DependencyInjection;
using Volo.Abp.Domain.Repositories;
using Volo.Abp.Guids;

namespace Acme.BookStore
{
    public class BookStoreTestDataSeedContributor
        : IDataSeedContributor, ITransientDependency
    {
        private readonly IRepository<Book, Guid> _bookRepository;
        private readonly IGuidGenerator _guidGenerator;

        public BookStoreTestDataSeedContributor(
            IRepository<Book, Guid> bookRepository, 
            IGuidGenerator guidGenerator)
        {
            _bookRepository = bookRepository;
            _guidGenerator = guidGenerator;
        }

        public async Task SeedAsync(DataSeedContext context)
        {
            await _bookRepository.InsertAsync(
                new Book
                {
                    Id = _guidGenerator.Create(),
                    Name = "Test book 1",
                    Type = BookType.Fantastic,
                    PublishDate = new DateTime(2015, 05, 24),
                    Price = 21
                }
            );

            await _bookRepository.InsertAsync(
                new Book
                {
                    Id = _guidGenerator.Create(),
                    Name = "Test book 2",
                    Type = BookType.Science,
                    PublishDate = new DateTime(2014, 02, 11),
                    Price = 15
                }
            );
        }
    }
}
  • Injected IRepository<Book, Guid> and used it in the SeedAsync to create two book entities as the test data.
  • Used IGuidGenerator service to create GUIDs. While Guid.NewGuid() would perfectly work for testing, IGuidGenerator has additional features especially important while using real databases (see the Guid generation document for more).

Testing the BookAppService

Create a test class named BookAppService_Tests in the Acme.BookStore.Application.Tests project:

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Shouldly;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Dtos;
using Xunit;

namespace Acme.BookStore
{
    public class BookAppService_Tests : BookStoreApplicationTestBase
    {
        private readonly IBookAppService _bookAppService;

        public BookAppService_Tests()
        {
            _bookAppService = GetRequiredService<IBookAppService>();
        }

        [Fact]
        public async Task Should_Get_List_Of_Books()
        {
            //Act
            var result = await _bookAppService.GetListAsync(
                new PagedAndSortedResultRequestDto()
            );

            //Assert
            result.TotalCount.ShouldBeGreaterThan(0);
            result.Items.ShouldContain(b => b.Name == "Test book 1");
        }
    }
}
  • Should_Get_List_Of_Books test simply uses BookAppService.GetListAsync method to get and check the list of users.

Add a new test that creates a valid new book:

[Fact]
public async Task Should_Create_A_Valid_Book()
{
    //Act
    var result = await _bookAppService.CreateAsync(
        new CreateUpdateBookDto
        {
            Name = "New test book 42",
            Price = 10,
            PublishDate = DateTime.Now,
            Type = BookType.ScienceFiction
        }
    );

    //Assert
    result.Id.ShouldNotBe(Guid.Empty);
    result.Name.ShouldBe("New test book 42");
}

Add a new test that tries to create an invalid book and fails:

[Fact]
public async Task Should_Not_Create_A_Book_Without_Name()
{
    var exception = await Assert.ThrowsAsync<AbpValidationException>(async () =>
    {
        await _bookAppService.CreateAsync(
            new CreateUpdateBookDto
            {
                Name = "",
                Price = 10,
                PublishDate = DateTime.Now,
                Type = BookType.ScienceFiction
            }
        );
    });

    exception.ValidationErrors
        .ShouldContain(err => err.MemberNames.Any(mem => mem == "Name"));
}
  • Since the Name is empty, ABP throws an AbpValidationException.

Open the Test Explorer Window (use Test -> Windows -> Test Explorer menu if it is not visible) and Run All tests:

bookstore-appservice-tests

Congratulations, green icons show that tests have been successfully passed!

In this document