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UI
Database

Web Application Development Tutorial - Part 3: Creating, Updating and Deleting Books

About This Tutorial

In this tutorial series, you will build an ABP based web application named Acme.BookStore. This application is used to manage a list of books and their authors. It is developed using the following technologies:

  • MongoDB as the database provider.
  • Blazor WebAssembly as the UI Framework.

This tutorial is organized as the following parts;

Download the Source Code

This tutorial has multiple versions based on your UI and Database preferences. We've prepared a few combinations of the source code to be downloaded:

Creating a New Book

In this section, you will learn how to create a new modal dialog form to create a new book. Since we've inherited from the AbpCrudPageBase, we only need to develop the view part.

Add "New Button" Button

Open the Books.razor and replace the <CardHeader> section with the following code:

<CardHeader>
    <Row Class="justify-content-between">
        <Column ColumnSize="ColumnSize.IsAuto">
            <h2>@L["Books"]</h2>
        </Column>
        <Column ColumnSize="ColumnSize.IsAuto">
            <Button Color="Color.Primary"
                    Clicked="OpenCreateModalAsync">@L["NewBook"]</Button>
        </Column>
    </Row>
</CardHeader>

This will change the card header by adding a "New book" button to the right side:

blazor-add-book-button

Now, we can add a modal that will be opened when we click to the button.

Book Creation Modal

Open the Books.razor and add the following code to the end of the page:

<Modal @ref="@CreateModal">
    <ModalBackdrop />
    <ModalContent IsCentered="true">
        <Form>
            <ModalHeader>
                <ModalTitle>@L["NewBook"]</ModalTitle>
                <CloseButton Clicked="CloseCreateModalAsync"/>
            </ModalHeader>
            <ModalBody>
                <Validations @ref="@CreateValidationsRef" Model="@NewEntity" ValidateOnLoad="false">
                    <Validation MessageLocalizer="@LH.Localize">
                        <Field>
                            <FieldLabel>@L["Name"]</FieldLabel>
                            <TextEdit @bind-Text="@NewEntity.Name">
                                <Feedback>
                                    <ValidationError/>
                                </Feedback>
                            </TextEdit>
                        </Field>
                    </Validation>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["Type"]</FieldLabel>
                        <Select TValue="BookType" @bind-SelectedValue="@NewEntity.Type">
                            @foreach (int bookTypeValue in Enum.GetValues(typeof(BookType)))
                            {
                                <SelectItem TValue="BookType" Value="@((BookType) bookTypeValue)">
                                    @L[$"Enum:BookType:{bookTypeValue}"]
                                </SelectItem>
                            }
                        </Select>
                    </Field>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["PublishDate"]</FieldLabel>
                        <DateEdit TValue="DateTime" @bind-Date="NewEntity.PublishDate"/>
                    </Field>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["Price"]</FieldLabel>
                        <NumericEdit TValue="float" @bind-Value="NewEntity.Price"/>
                    </Field>
                </Validations>
            </ModalBody>
            <ModalFooter>
                <Button Color="Color.Secondary"
                        Clicked="CloseCreateModalAsync">@L["Cancel"]</Button>
                <Button Color="Color.Primary"
                        Type="@ButtonType.Submit"
                        PreventDefaultOnSubmit="true"
                        Clicked="CreateEntityAsync">@L["Save"]</Button>
            </ModalFooter>
        </Form>
    </ModalContent>
</Modal>

This code requires a service; Inject the AbpBlazorMessageLocalizerHelper<T> at the top of the file, just before the @inherits... line:

@inject AbpBlazorMessageLocalizerHelper<BookStoreResource> LH
  • The form implements validation and the AbpBlazorMessageLocalizerHelper is used to simply localize the validation messages.

  • CreateModal object, CloseCreateModalAsync and CreateEntityAsync method are defined by the base class. See the Blazorise documentation if you want to understand the Modal and the other components.

That's all. Run the application and try to add a new book:

blazor-new-book-modal

Updating a Book

Editing a books is similar to the creating a new book.

Actions Dropdown

Open the Books.razor and add the following DataGridEntityActionsColumn section inside the DataGridColumns as the first item:

<DataGridEntityActionsColumn TItem="BookDto" @ref="@EntityActionsColumn">
    <DisplayTemplate>
        <EntityActions TItem="BookDto" EntityActionsColumn="@EntityActionsColumn">
            <EntityAction TItem="BookDto"
                          Text="@L["Edit"]"
                          Clicked="() => OpenEditModalAsync(context)" />
        </EntityActions>
    </DisplayTemplate>
</DataGridEntityActionsColumn>
  • OpenEditModalAsync is defined in the base class which takes the entity (book) to edit.

DataGridEntityActionsColumn component is used to show an "Actions" dropdown for each row in the DataGrid. DataGridEntityActionsColumn shows a *single button* instead of a dropdown if there is only one available action inside it:

blazor-edit-book-action

Edit Modal

We can now define a modal to edit the book. Add the following code to the end of the Books.razor page:

<Modal @ref="@EditModal">
    <ModalBackdrop />
    <ModalContent IsCentered="true">
        <Form>
            <ModalHeader>
                <ModalTitle>@EditingEntity.Name</ModalTitle>
                <CloseButton Clicked="CloseEditModalAsync"/>
            </ModalHeader>
            <ModalBody>
                <Validations @ref="@EditValidationsRef" Model="@NewEntity" ValidateOnLoad="false">
                    <Validation MessageLocalizer="@LH.Localize">
                        <Field>
                            <FieldLabel>@L["Name"]</FieldLabel>
                            <TextEdit @bind-Text="@EditingEntity.Name">
                                <Feedback>
                                    <ValidationError/>
                                </Feedback>
                            </TextEdit>
                        </Field>
                    </Validation>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["Type"]</FieldLabel>
                        <Select TValue="BookType" @bind-SelectedValue="@EditingEntity.Type">
                            @foreach (int bookTypeValue in Enum.GetValues(typeof(BookType)))
                            {
                                <SelectItem TValue="BookType" Value="@((BookType) bookTypeValue)">
                                    @L[$"Enum:BookType:{bookTypeValue}"]
                                </SelectItem>
                            }
                        </Select>
                    </Field>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["PublishDate"]</FieldLabel>
                        <DateEdit TValue="DateTime" @bind-Date="EditingEntity.PublishDate"/>
                    </Field>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["Price"]</FieldLabel>
                        <NumericEdit TValue="float" @bind-Value="EditingEntity.Price"/>
                    </Field>
                </Validations>
            </ModalBody>
            <ModalFooter>
                <Button Color="Color.Secondary"
                        Clicked="CloseEditModalAsync">@L["Cancel"]</Button>
                <Button Color="Color.Primary"
                        Type="@ButtonType.Submit"
                        PreventDefaultOnSubmit="true"
                        Clicked="UpdateEntityAsync">@L["Save"]</Button>
            </ModalFooter>
        </Form>
    </ModalContent>
</Modal>

AutoMapper Configuration

The base AbpCrudPageBase uses the object to object mapping system to convert an incoming BookDto object to a CreateUpdateBookDto object. So, we need to define the mapping.

Open the BookStoreBlazorAutoMapperProfile inside the Acme.BookStore.Blazor project and change the content as the following:

using Acme.BookStore.Books;
using AutoMapper;
namespace Acme.BookStore.Blazor
{
    public class BookStoreBlazorAutoMapperProfile : Profile
    {
        public BookStoreBlazorAutoMapperProfile()
        {
            CreateMap<BookDto, CreateUpdateBookDto>();
        }
    }
}
  • We've just added the CreateMap<BookDto, CreateUpdateBookDto>(); line to define the mapping.

Test the Editing Modal

You can now run the application and try to edit a book.

blazor-edit-book-modal

Deleting a Book

Open the Books.razor page and add the following EntityAction under the "Edit" action inside the EntityActions:

<EntityAction TItem="BookDto"
              Text="@L["Delete"]"
              Clicked="() => DeleteEntityAsync(context)"
              ConfirmationMessage="() => GetDeleteConfirmationMessage(context)" />
  • DeleteEntityAsync is defined in the base class that deletes the entity by performing a call to the server.
  • ConfirmationMessage is a callback to show a confirmation message before executing the action.
  • GetDeleteConfirmationMessage is defined in the base class. You can override this method (or pass another value to the ConfirmationMessage parameter) to customize the localization message.

The "Actions" button becomes a dropdown since it has two actions now:

blazor-edit-book-action

Run the application and try to delete a book.

Full CRUD UI Code

Here the complete code to create the book management CRUD page, that has been developed in the last two parts:

@page "/books"
@using Volo.Abp.Application.Dtos
@using Acme.BookStore.Books
@using Acme.BookStore.Localization
@using Microsoft.Extensions.Localization
@inject IStringLocalizer<BookStoreResource> L
@inject AbpBlazorMessageLocalizerHelper<BookStoreResource> LH
@inherits AbpCrudPageBase<IBookAppService, BookDto, Guid, PagedAndSortedResultRequestDto, CreateUpdateBookDto>

<Card>
    <CardHeader>
        <Row Class="justify-content-between">
            <Column ColumnSize="ColumnSize.IsAuto">
                <h2>@L["Books"]</h2>
            </Column>
            <Column ColumnSize="ColumnSize.IsAuto">
                <Button Color="Color.Primary"
                        Clicked="OpenCreateModalAsync">@L["NewBook"]</Button>
            </Column>
        </Row>
    </CardHeader>
    <CardBody>
        <DataGrid TItem="BookDto"
                  Data="Entities"
                  ReadData="OnDataGridReadAsync"
                  CurrentPage="CurrentPage"
                  TotalItems="TotalCount"
                  ShowPager="true"
                  PageSize="PageSize">
            <DataGridColumns>
                <DataGridEntityActionsColumn TItem="BookDto" @ref="@EntityActionsColumn">
                    <DisplayTemplate>
                        <EntityActions TItem="BookDto" EntityActionsColumn="@EntityActionsColumn">
                            <EntityAction TItem="BookDto"
                                          Text="@L["Edit"]"
                                          Clicked="() => OpenEditModalAsync(context)" />
                            <EntityAction TItem="BookDto"
                                          Text="@L["Delete"]"
                                          Clicked="() => DeleteEntityAsync(context)"
                                          ConfirmationMessage="()=>GetDeleteConfirmationMessage(context)" />
                        </EntityActions>
                    </DisplayTemplate>
                </DataGridEntityActionsColumn>
                <DataGridColumn TItem="BookDto"
                                Field="@nameof(BookDto.Name)"
                                Caption="@L["Name"]"></DataGridColumn>
                <DataGridColumn TItem="BookDto"
                                Field="@nameof(BookDto.Type)"
                                Caption="@L["Type"]">
                    <DisplayTemplate>
                        @L[$"Enum:BookType:{(int) context.Type}"]
                    </DisplayTemplate>
                </DataGridColumn>
                <DataGridColumn TItem="BookDto"
                                Field="@nameof(BookDto.PublishDate)"
                                Caption="@L["PublishDate"]">
                    <DisplayTemplate>
                        @context.PublishDate.ToShortDateString()
                    </DisplayTemplate>
                </DataGridColumn>
                <DataGridColumn TItem="BookDto"
                                Field="@nameof(BookDto.Price)"
                                Caption="@L["Price"]">
                </DataGridColumn>
                <DataGridColumn TItem="BookDto"
                                Field="@nameof(BookDto.CreationTime)"
                                Caption="@L["CreationTime"]">
                    <DisplayTemplate>
                        @context.CreationTime.ToLongDateString()
                    </DisplayTemplate>
                </DataGridColumn>
            </DataGridColumns>
        </DataGrid>
    </CardBody>
</Card>

<Modal @ref="@CreateModal">
    <ModalBackdrop />
    <ModalContent IsCentered="true">
        <Form>
            <ModalHeader>
                <ModalTitle>@L["NewBook"]</ModalTitle>
                <CloseButton Clicked="CloseCreateModalAsync"/>
            </ModalHeader>
            <ModalBody>
                <Validations @ref="@CreateValidationsRef" Model="@NewEntity" ValidateOnLoad="false">
                    <Validation MessageLocalizer="@LH.Localize">
                        <Field>
                            <FieldLabel>@L["Name"]</FieldLabel>
                            <TextEdit @bind-Text="@NewEntity.Name">
                                <Feedback>
                                    <ValidationError/>
                                </Feedback>
                            </TextEdit>
                        </Field>
                    </Validation>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["Type"]</FieldLabel>
                        <Select TValue="BookType" @bind-SelectedValue="@NewEntity.Type">
                            @foreach (int bookTypeValue in Enum.GetValues(typeof(BookType)))
                            {
                                <SelectItem TValue="BookType" Value="@((BookType) bookTypeValue)">
                                    @L[$"Enum:BookType:{bookTypeValue}"]
                                </SelectItem>
                            }
                        </Select>
                    </Field>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["PublishDate"]</FieldLabel>
                        <DateEdit TValue="DateTime" @bind-Date="NewEntity.PublishDate"/>
                    </Field>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["Price"]</FieldLabel>
                        <NumericEdit TValue="float" @bind-Value="NewEntity.Price"/>
                    </Field>
                </Validations>
            </ModalBody>
            <ModalFooter>
                <Button Color="Color.Secondary"
                        Clicked="CloseCreateModalAsync">@L["Cancel"]</Button>
                <Button Color="Color.Primary"
                        Type="@ButtonType.Submit"
                        PreventDefaultOnSubmit="true"
                        Clicked="CreateEntityAsync">@L["Save"]</Button>
            </ModalFooter>
        </Form>
    </ModalContent>
</Modal>

<Modal @ref="@EditModal">
    <ModalBackdrop />
    <ModalContent IsCentered="true">
        <Form>
            <ModalHeader>
                <ModalTitle>@EditingEntity.Name</ModalTitle>
                <CloseButton Clicked="CloseEditModalAsync"/>
            </ModalHeader>
            <ModalBody>
                <Validations @ref="@EditValidationsRef" Model="@NewEntity" ValidateOnLoad="false">
                    <Validation MessageLocalizer="@LH.Localize">
                        <Field>
                            <FieldLabel>@L["Name"]</FieldLabel>
                            <TextEdit @bind-Text="@EditingEntity.Name">
                                <Feedback>
                                    <ValidationError/>
                                </Feedback>
                            </TextEdit>
                        </Field>
                    </Validation>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["Type"]</FieldLabel>
                        <Select TValue="BookType" @bind-SelectedValue="@EditingEntity.Type">
                            @foreach (int bookTypeValue in Enum.GetValues(typeof(BookType)))
                            {
                                <SelectItem TValue="BookType" Value="@((BookType) bookTypeValue)">
                                    @L[$"Enum:BookType:{bookTypeValue}"]
                                </SelectItem>
                            }
                        </Select>
                    </Field>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["PublishDate"]</FieldLabel>
                        <DateEdit TValue="DateTime" @bind-Date="EditingEntity.PublishDate"/>
                    </Field>
                    <Field>
                        <FieldLabel>@L["Price"]</FieldLabel>
                        <NumericEdit TValue="float" @bind-Value="EditingEntity.Price"/>
                    </Field>
                </Validations>
            </ModalBody>
            <ModalFooter>
                <Button Color="Color.Secondary"
                        Clicked="CloseEditModalAsync">@L["Cancel"]</Button>
                <Button Color="Color.Primary"
                        Type="@ButtonType.Submit"
                        PreventDefaultOnSubmit="true"
                        Clicked="UpdateEntityAsync">@L["Save"]</Button>
            </ModalFooter>
        </Form>
    </ModalContent>
</Modal>

The Next Part

See the next part of this tutorial.

In this document