Plug-In Modules

It is possible to load modules as plug-ins. That means you may not reference to a module's assembly in your solution, but you can load that module in the application startup just like any other module.

Basic Usage

The WebApplicationBuilder.AddApplicationAsync<T>() extension method can get options to configure the plug-in sources.

Example: Load plugins from a folder

await builder.AddApplicationAsync<MyPlugInDemoWebModule>(options =>
  • This is the Startup class of a typical ASP.NET Core application.
  • PlugInSources.AddFolder gets a folder path and to load assemblies (typically dlls) in that folder.

That's all. ABP will discover the modules in the given folder, configure and initialize them just like regular modules.

Plug-In Sources

options.PlugInSources is actually a list of IPlugInSource implementations and AddFolder is just a shortcut for the following expression:

options.PlugInSources.Add(new FolderPlugInSource(@"D:\Temp\MyPlugIns"));

AddFolder() only looks for the assembly file in the given folder, but not looks for the sub-folders. You can pass SearchOption.AllDirectories as a second parameter to explore plug-ins also from the sub-folders, recursively.

There are two more built-in Plug-In Source implementations:

  • PlugInSources.AddFiles() gets a list of assembly (typically dll) files. This is a shortcut of using FilePlugInSource class.
  • PlugInSources.AddTypes() gets a list of module class types. If you use this, you need to load the assemblies of the modules yourself, but it provides flexibility when needed. This is a shortcut of using TypePlugInSource class.

If you need, you can create your own IPlugInSource implementation and add to the options.PlugInSources just like the others.

Example: Creating a Simple Plug-In

Create a simple Class Library Project in a solution:


You can add the ABP Framework packages that you need to use in the module. At least, you should add the Volo.Abp.Core package to the project, Execute the following command in the folder of the .csproj file that you want to install the package on:

abp add-package Volo.Abp.Core

If you haven't done it yet, you first need to install the ABP CLI. For other installation options, see the package description page.

Every module must declare a class derived from the AbpModule. Here, a simple module class that resolves a service and initializes it on the application startup:

using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Volo.Abp;
using Volo.Abp.Modularity;

namespace MyPlugIn
    public class MyPlungInModule : AbpModule
        public override void OnApplicationInitialization(ApplicationInitializationContext context)
            var myService = context.ServiceProvider

MyService can be any class registered to Dependency Injection system, as show below:

using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using Volo.Abp.DependencyInjection;

namespace MyPlugIn
    public class MyService : ITransientDependency
        private readonly ILogger<MyService> _logger;

        public MyService(ILogger<MyService> logger)
            _logger = logger;

        public void Initialize()
            _logger.LogInformation("MyService has been initialized");

Build the project, open the build folder, find the MyPlugIn.dll:


Copy MyPlugIn.dll into the plug-in folder (D:\Temp\MyPlugIns for this example).

Please delete the MyPlugIn.deps.json file if you use build folder folder as PlugInSources.

If you have configured the main application like described above (see Basic Usage section), you should see the MyService has been initialized log in the application startup.

Example: Creating a Plug-In With Razor Pages

Creating plug-ins with views inside requires a bit more attention.

This example assumes you've created a new web application using the application startup template and MVC / Razor Pages UI.

Create a new Class Library project in a solution:


Edit the .csproj file content:

<Project Sdk="Microsoft.NET.Sdk.Web">


      <PackageReference Include="Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.UI.Theme.Shared" Version="4.0.1" />

  • Changed Sdk to Microsoft.NET.Sdk.Web.
  • Added OutputType and IsPackable properties.
  • Added Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.UI.Theme.Shared NuGet package.

Depending on Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.UI.Theme.Shared package is not required. You can reference to a more base package like Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc. However, if you will build a UI page/component, it is suggested to reference to the Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.UI.Theme.Shared package since it is the most high-level package without depending on a particular theme. If there is no problem to depend on a particular theme, you can directly reference to the theme's package to be able to use the theme-specific features in your plug-in.

Then create your module class in the plug-in:

using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.ApplicationParts;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.UI.Theme.Shared;
using Volo.Abp.Modularity;

namespace MyMvcUIPlugIn
    public class MyMvcUIPlugInModule : AbpModule
        public override void PreConfigureServices(ServiceConfigurationContext context)
            PreConfigure<IMvcBuilder>(mvcBuilder =>
                //Add plugin assembly
                mvcBuilder.PartManager.ApplicationParts.Add(new AssemblyPart(typeof(MyMvcUIPlugInModule).Assembly));

                //Add CompiledRazorAssemblyPart if the PlugIn module contains razor views.
                mvcBuilder.PartManager.ApplicationParts.Add(new CompiledRazorAssemblyPart(typeof(MyMvcUIPlugInModule).Assembly));
  • Depending on the AbpAspNetCoreMvcUiThemeSharedModule since we added the related NuGet package.
  • Adding the plug-in's assembly as AssemblyPart and CompiledRazorAssemblyPart to the PartManager of ASP.NET Core MVC. This is required by ASP.NET Core. Otherwise, your controllers or views inside the plug-in doesn't work.

You can now add a razor page, like MyPlugInPage.cshtml inside the Pages folder:

@model MyMvcUIPlugIn.Pages.MyPlugInPage
<h1>Welcome to my plug-in page</h1>
<p>This page is located inside a plug-in module! :)</p>

Now, you can build the plug-in project. It will produce the following output:


Copy the MyMvcUIPlugIn.dll into the plug-in folder (D:\Temp\MyPlugIns for this example).

If you have configured the main application like described above (see Basic Usage section), you should be able to visit the /MyPlugInPage URL when your application:



In real world, your plug-in may have some external dependencies. Also, your application might be designed to support plug-ins. All these are your own system requirements. What ABP does is just loading modules on the application startup. What you do inside that modules is up to you.

However, we can provide a few suggestions for some common cases.

Library Dependencies

For package/dll dependencies, you can copy the related dlls to the plug-in folder. ABP automatically loads all assemblies in the folder and your plug-in will work as expected.

See Microsoft's documentation for some additional explanations for that case.

Database Schema

If your module uses a relational database and Entity Framework Core, it will need to have its tables available in the database. There are different ways to ensure the tables have been created when an application uses the plug-in. Some examples;

  1. The Plugin may check if the database tables does exists and create the tables on the application startup or migrate them if the plug-in has been updated and requires some schema changes. You can use EF Core's migration API to do that.
  2. You can improve the DbMigrator application to find migrations of the plug-ins and execute them.

There may be other solutions. For example, if your DB admin doesn't allow you to change the database schema in the application code, you may need to manually send a SQL file to the database admin to apply it to the database.

Plug In Sample

We have a sample for this, You can download it from abp-sample repository

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