Entity Action Extensions for Angular UI

Introduction

Entity action extension system allows you to add a new action to the action menu for an entity. A "Click Me" action was added to the user management page below:

Entity Action Extension Example: 'Click Me!' Action

You can take any action (open a modal, make an HTTP API call, redirect to another page... etc) by writing your custom code. You can also access the current entity in your code.

How to Set Up

In this example, we will add a "Click Me!" action and alert the current row's userName in the user management page of the Identity Module.

Step 1. Create Entity Action Contributors

The following code prepares a constant named identityEntityActionContributors, ready to be imported and used in your root module:

// src/app/entity-action-contributors.ts

import {
  eIdentityComponents,
  IdentityEntityActionContributors,
  IdentityUserDto,
} from '@abp/ng.identity';
import { EntityAction, EntityActionList } from '@abp/ng.theme.shared/extensions';

const alertUserName = new EntityAction<IdentityUserDto>({
  text: 'Click Me!',
  action: data => {
    // Replace alert with your custom code
    alert(data.record.userName);
  },
  // See EntityActionOptions in API section for all options
});

export function alertUserNameContributor(actionList: EntityActionList<IdentityUserDto>) {
  actionList.addTail(alertUserName);
}

export const identityEntityActionContributors: IdentityEntityActionContributors = {
  // enum indicates the page to add contributors to
  [eIdentityComponents.Users]: [
    alertUserNameContributor,
    // You can add more contributors here
  ],
};

The list of actions, conveniently named as actionList, is a doubly linked list. That is why we have used the addTail method, which adds the given value to the end of the list. You may find all available methods here.

Step 2. Import and Use Entity Action Contributors

Import identityEntityActionContributors in your routing module and pass it to the static forLazy method of IdentityModule as seen below:

// src/app/app-routing.module.ts

// other imports
import { identityEntityActionContributors } from './entity-action-contributors';

const routes: Routes = [
  // other routes

  {
    path: 'identity',
    loadChildren: () =>
      import('@abp/ng.identity').then(m =>
        m.IdentityModule.forLazy({
          entityActionContributors: identityEntityActionContributors,
        })
      ),
  },

  // other routes
];

That is it, alertUserName entity action will be added as the last action on the grid dropdown in the "Users" page (UsersComponent) of the IdentityModule.

How to Place a Custom Modal and Trigger It by Entity Actions

Let's employ dependency injection to extend the functionality of IdentityModule and add a quick view action for the User entity. We will take a lazy-loaded approach.

Entity Action Extension Example: Custom Modal
  1. Create a folder at this path: src/app/identity-extended

  2. Add an entity action similar to this:

// src/app/identity-extended/entity-action-contributors.ts

import {
  eIdentityComponents,
  IdentityEntityActionContributors,
  IdentityUserDto,
} from '@abp/ng.identity';
import { EntityAction, EntityActionList } from '@abp/ng.theme.shared/extensions';
import { IdentityExtendedComponent } from './identity-extended.component';

const quickViewAction = new EntityAction<IdentityUserDto>({
  text: 'Quick View',
  action: data => {
    const component = data.getInjected(IdentityExtendedComponent);
    component.openUserQuickView(data.record);
  },
});

export function customModalContributor(actionList: EntityActionList<IdentityUserDto>) {
  actionList.addTail(quickViewAction);
}

export const identityEntityActionContributors: IdentityEntityActionContributors = {
  // enum indicates the page to add contributors to
  [eIdentityComponents.Users]: [
    customModalContributor,
    // You can add more contributors here
  ],
};
  1. Create a parent component to the identity module.
// src/app/identity-extended/identity-extended.component.ts

import { IdentityUserDto } from '@abp/ng.identity';
import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-identity-extended',
  templateUrl: './identity-extended.component.html',
})
export class IdentityExtendedComponent {
  isUserQuickViewVisible: boolean;

  user: IdentityUserDto;

  openUserQuickView(record: IdentityUserDto) {
    this.user = new Proxy(record, {
      get: (target, prop) => target[prop] || '—',
    });
    this.isUserQuickViewVisible = true;
  }
}
  1. Add a router outlet and a modal to the parent component.
<!-- src/app/identity-extended/identity-extended.component.html -->

<router-outlet></router-outlet>

<abp-modal [(visible)]="isUserQuickViewVisible">
  <ng-template #abpHeader>
    <h3>{{ user.userName }}</h3>
  </ng-template>

  <ng-template #abpBody>
    <table class="table table-borderless">
      <tbody>
        <tr>
          <th scope="row">{{ 'AbpIdentity::DisplayName:Name' | abpLocalization }}</th>
          <td>{{ user.name }}</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <th scope="row">{{ 'AbpIdentity::DisplayName:Surname' | abpLocalization }}</th>
          <td>{{ user.surname }}</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <th scope="row">{{ 'AbpIdentity::EmailAddress' | abpLocalization }}</th>
          <td>{{ user.email }}</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <th scope="row">{{ 'AbpIdentity::PhoneNumber' | abpLocalization }}</th>
          <td>{{ user.phoneNumber }}</td>
        </tr>
      </tbody>
    </table>
  </ng-template>

  <ng-template #abpFooter>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" abpClose>
      {{ 'AbpUi::Close' | abpLocalization }}
    </button>
  </ng-template>
</abp-modal>
  1. Add a module for the component and load IdentityModule as seen below:
// src/app/identity-extended/identity-extended.module.ts

import { CoreModule } from '@abp/ng.core';
import { IdentityModule } from '@abp/ng.identity';
import { ThemeSharedModule } from '@abp/ng.theme.shared';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule } from '@angular/router';
import { identityEntityActionContributors } from './entity-action-contributors';
import { IdentityExtendedComponent } from './identity-extended.component';

@NgModule({
  imports: [
    CoreModule,
    ThemeSharedModule,
    RouterModule.forChild([
      {
        path: '',
        component: IdentityExtendedComponent,
        children: [
          {
            path: '',
            loadChildren: () =>
              IdentityModule.forLazy({
                entityActionContributors: identityEntityActionContributors,
              }),
          },
        ],
      },
    ]),
  ],
  declarations: [IdentityExtendedComponent],
})
export class IdentityExtendedModule {}
  1. Load IdentityExtendedModule instead of IdentityModule in your root routing module.
// src/app/app-routing.module.ts

const routes: Routes = [
  // other routes

  {
    path: 'identity',
    loadChildren: () =>
      import('./identity-extended/identity-extended.module')
        .then(m => m.IdentityExtendedModule),
  },

  // other routes
];

That's it. As you see, we reached the IdentityExtendedComponent through dependency injection and called one of its methods in our action. The specific user was also available via data.record, so we were able to display a summary view.

API

ActionData<R = any>

ActionData is the shape of the parameter passed to all callbacks or predicates in an EntityAction.

It has the following properties:

  • record is the row data, i.e. current value rendered in the table.

    {
      text: 'Click Me!',
      action: data => {
        alert(data.record.userName);
      },
    }
    
  • index is the table index where the record is at.

  • getInjected is the equivalent of Injector.get. You can use it to reach injected dependencies of GridActionsComponent, including, but not limited to, its parent component.

    {
      text: 'Click Me!',
      action: data => {
        const restService = data.getInjected(RestService);
    
        // Use restService public props and methods here
      },
      visible: data => {
        const usersComponent = data.getInjected(UsersComponent);
    
        // Use usersComponent public props and methods here
      },
    }
    

ActionCallback<T, R = any>

ActionCallback is the type of the callback function that can be passed to an EntityAction as action parameter. An action callback gets a single parameter, the ActionData. The return type may be anything, including void. Here is a simplified representation:

type ActionCallback<T, R = any> = (data?: ActionData<T>) => R;

ActionPredicate<T>

ActionPredicate is the type of the predicate function that can be passed to an EntityAction as visible parameter. An action predicate gets a single parameter, the ActionData. The return type must be boolean. Here is a simplified representation:

type ActionPredicate<T> = (data?: ActionData<T>) => boolean;

EntityActionOptions<R = any>

EntityActionOptions is the type that defines required and optional properties you have to pass in order to create an entity action.

Its type definition is as follows:

type EntityActionOptions<R = any> = {
  action: ActionCallback<R>,
  text: string,
  icon?: string,
  permission?: string,
  visible?: ActionPredicate<R>,
};

As you see, passing action and text is enough to create an entity action. Here is what each property is good for:

  • action is a callback that is called when the grid action is clicked. (required)
  • text is the button text which will be localized. (required)
  • icon is the classes that define an icon to be placed before the text. (default: '')
  • permission is the permission context which will be used to decide if this type of grid action should be displayed to the user or not. (default: undefined)
  • visible is a predicate that will be used to decide if the current record should have this grid action or not. (default: () => true)

You may find a full example below.

EntityAction<R = any>

EntityAction is the class that defines your entity actions. It takes an EntityActionOptions and sets the default values to the properties, creating an entity action that can be passed to an entity contributor.

const options: EntityActionOptions<IdentityUserDto> = {
  action: data => {
    const component = data.getInjected(IdentityExtendedComponent);
    component.unlock(data.record.id);
  },
  text: 'AbpIdentity::Unlock',
  icon: 'fa fa-unlock',
  permission: 'AbpIdentity.Users.Update',
  visible: data => data.record.isLockedOut,
};

const action = new EntityAction(options);

It also has two static methods to create its instances:

  • EntityAction.create<R = any>(options: EntityActionOptions<R>) is used to create an instance of EntityAction.
    const action = EntityAction.create(options);
    
  • EntityAction.createMany<R = any>(options: EntityActionOptions<R>[]) is used to create multiple instances of EntityAction with given array of EntityActionOptions.
    const actions = EntityAction.createMany(optionsArray);
    

EntityActionList<R = any>

EntityActionList is the list of actions passed to every action contributor callback as the first parameter named actionList. It is a doubly linked list. You may find all available methods here.

The items in the list will be displayed according to the linked list order, i.e. from head to tail. If you want to re-order them, all you have to do is something like this:

export function reorderUserContributors(
  actionList: EntityActionList<IdentityUserDto>,
) {
  // drop "Unlock" button
  const unlockActionNode = actionList.dropByValue(
    'AbpIdentity::Unlock',
    (action, text) => action.text === text,
  );

  // add it back to the head of the list
  actionList.addHead(unlockActionNode.value);
}

EntityActionContributorCallback<R = any>

EntityActionContributorCallback is the type that you can pass as entity action contributor callbacks to static forLazy methods of the modules.

// lockUserContributor should have EntityActionContributorCallback<IdentityUserDto> type

export function lockUserContributor(
  actionList: EntityActionList<IdentityUserDto>,
) {
  // add lockUser as 3rd action
  actionList.add(lockUser).byIndex(2);
}

export const identityEntityActionContributors = {
  [eIdentityComponents.Users]: [lockUserContributor],
};

See Also

In this document