This document has multiple versions. Select the options best fit for you.

UI
Database

Web Application Development Tutorial - Part 5: Authorization

About This Tutorial

In this tutorial series, you will build an ABP based web application named Acme.BookStore. This application is used to manage a list of books and their authors. It is developed using the following technologies:

  • MongoDB as the ORM provider.
  • Blazor Server as the UI Framework.

This tutorial is organized as the following parts;

Download the Source Code

This tutorial has multiple versions based on your UI and Database preferences. We've prepared a few combinations of the source code to be downloaded:

If you encounter the "filename too long" or "unzip error" on Windows, it's probably related to the Windows maximum file path limitation. Windows has a maximum file path limitation of 250 characters. To solve this, enable the long path option in Windows 10.

If you face long path errors related to Git, try the following command to enable long paths in Windows. See https://github.com/msysgit/msysgit/wiki/Git-cannot-create-a-file-or-directory-with-a-long-path git config --system core.longpaths true

Permissions

ABP Framework provides an authorization system based on the ASP.NET Core's authorization infrastructure. One major feature added on top of the standard authorization infrastructure is the permission system which allows to define permissions and enable/disable per role, user or client.

Permission Names

A permission must have a unique name (a string). The best way is to define it as a const, so we can reuse the permission name.

Open the BookStorePermissions class inside the Acme.BookStore.Application.Contracts project (in the Permissions folder) and change the content as shown below:

namespace Acme.BookStore.Permissions
{
    public static class BookStorePermissions
    {
        public const string GroupName = "BookStore";

        public static class Books
        {
            public const string Default = GroupName + ".Books";
            public const string Create = Default + ".Create";
            public const string Edit = Default + ".Edit";
            public const string Delete = Default + ".Delete";
        }
    }
}

This is a hierarchical way of defining permission names. For example, "create book" permission name was defined as BookStore.Books.Create. ABP doesn't force you to a structure, but we find this way useful.

Permission Definitions

You should define permissions before using them.

Open the BookStorePermissionDefinitionProvider class inside the Acme.BookStore.Application.Contracts project (in the Permissions folder) and change the content as shown below:

using Acme.BookStore.Localization;
using Volo.Abp.Authorization.Permissions;
using Volo.Abp.Localization;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Permissions
{
    public class BookStorePermissionDefinitionProvider : PermissionDefinitionProvider
    {
        public override void Define(IPermissionDefinitionContext context)
        {
            var bookStoreGroup = context.AddGroup(BookStorePermissions.GroupName, L("Permission:BookStore"));

            var booksPermission = bookStoreGroup.AddPermission(BookStorePermissions.Books.Default, L("Permission:Books"));
            booksPermission.AddChild(BookStorePermissions.Books.Create, L("Permission:Books.Create"));
            booksPermission.AddChild(BookStorePermissions.Books.Edit, L("Permission:Books.Edit"));
            booksPermission.AddChild(BookStorePermissions.Books.Delete, L("Permission:Books.Delete"));
        }

        private static LocalizableString L(string name)
        {
            return LocalizableString.Create<BookStoreResource>(name);
        }
    }
}

This class defines a permission group (to group permissions on the UI, will be seen below) and 4 permissions inside this group. Also, Create, Edit and Delete are children of the BookStorePermissions.Books.Default permission. A child permission can be selected only if the parent was selected.

Finally, edit the localization file (en.json under the Localization/BookStore folder of the Acme.BookStore.Domain.Shared project) to define the localization keys used above:

"Permission:BookStore": "Book Store",
"Permission:Books": "Book Management",
"Permission:Books.Create": "Creating new books",
"Permission:Books.Edit": "Editing the books",
"Permission:Books.Delete": "Deleting the books"

Localization key names are arbitrary and there is no forcing rule. But we prefer the convention used above.

Permission Management UI

Once you define the permissions, you can see them on the permission management modal.

Go to the Administration -> Identity -> Roles page, select Permissions action for the admin role to open the permission management modal:

bookstore-permissions-ui

Grant the permissions you want and save the modal.

Tip: New permissions are automatically granted to the admin role if you run the Acme.BookStore.DbMigrator application.

Authorization

Now, you can use the permissions to authorize the book management.

Application Layer & HTTP API

Open the BookAppService class and set the policy names as the permission names defined above:

using System;
using Acme.BookStore.Permissions;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Dtos;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Services;
using Volo.Abp.Domain.Repositories;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Books
{
    public class BookAppService :
        CrudAppService<
            Book, //The Book entity
            BookDto, //Used to show books
            Guid, //Primary key of the book entity
            PagedAndSortedResultRequestDto, //Used for paging/sorting
            CreateUpdateBookDto>, //Used to create/update a book
        IBookAppService //implement the IBookAppService
    {
        public BookAppService(IRepository<Book, Guid> repository)
            : base(repository)
        {
            GetPolicyName = BookStorePermissions.Books.Default;
            GetListPolicyName = BookStorePermissions.Books.Default;
            CreatePolicyName = BookStorePermissions.Books.Create;
            UpdatePolicyName = BookStorePermissions.Books.Edit;
            DeletePolicyName = BookStorePermissions.Books.Delete;
        }
    }
}

Added code to the constructor. Base CrudAppService automatically uses these permissions on the CRUD operations. This makes the application service secure, but also makes the HTTP API secure since this service is automatically used as an HTTP API as explained before (see auto API controllers).

You will see the declarative authorization, using the [Authorize(...)] attribute, later while developing the author management functionality.

The Next Part

See the next part of this tutorial.

In this document