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UI

ASP.NET Core MVC / Razor Pages Tutorial - Part 3

About this tutorial

This is the third part of the ASP.NET Core MVC / Razor Pages tutorial series. See all parts:

You can also check out the video course prepared by the community, based on this tutorial.

Test projects in the solution

This part covers the server side tests. There are several test projects in the solution:

bookstore-test-projects-v2

Each project is used to test the related project. Test projects use the following libraries for testing:

Adding test data

Startup template contains the BookStoreTestDataBuilder class in the Acme.BookStore.TestBase project which creates initial data to run tests. Change the content of BookStoreTestDataSeedContributor class as show below:

using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Volo.Abp.Data;
using Volo.Abp.DependencyInjection;
using Volo.Abp.Domain.Repositories;
using Volo.Abp.Guids;

namespace Acme.BookStore
{
    public class BookStoreTestDataSeedContributor
        : IDataSeedContributor, ITransientDependency
    {
        private readonly IRepository<Book, Guid> _bookRepository;
        private readonly IGuidGenerator _guidGenerator;

        public BookStoreTestDataSeedContributor(
            IRepository<Book, Guid> bookRepository,
            IGuidGenerator guidGenerator)
        {
            _bookRepository = bookRepository;
            _guidGenerator = guidGenerator;
        }

        public async Task SeedAsync(DataSeedContext context)
        {
            await _bookRepository.InsertAsync(
                new Book(id: _guidGenerator.Create(),
                    name: "Test book 1",
                    type: BookType.Fantastic,
                    publishDate: new DateTime(2015, 05, 24),
                    price: 21
                )
            );

            await _bookRepository.InsertAsync(
                new Book(id: _guidGenerator.Create(),
                    name: "Test book 2",
                    type: BookType.Science,
                    publishDate: new DateTime(2014, 02, 11),
                    price: 15
                )
            );
        }
    }
}
  • IRepository<Book, Guid> is injected and used it in the SeedAsync to create two book entities as the test data.

Testing the application service BookAppService

  • IGuidGenerator is injected to create GUIDs. While Guid.NewGuid() would perfectly work for testing, IGuidGenerator has additional features especially important while using real databases. Further information, see the Guid generation document.

Create a test class named BookAppService_Tests in the Acme.BookStore.Application.Tests project:

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Xunit;
using Shouldly;
using Volo.Abp.Application.Dtos;
using Volo.Abp.Validation;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Internal;

namespace Acme.BookStore
{
    public class BookAppService_Tests : BookStoreApplicationTestBase
    {
        private readonly IBookAppService _bookAppService;

        public BookAppService_Tests()
        {
            _bookAppService = GetRequiredService<IBookAppService>();
        }

        [Fact]
        public async Task Should_Get_List_Of_Books()
        {
            //Act
            var result = await _bookAppService.GetListAsync(
                new PagedAndSortedResultRequestDto()
            );

            //Assert
            result.TotalCount.ShouldBeGreaterThan(0);
            result.Items.ShouldContain(b => b.Name == "Test book 1");
        }
    }
}
  • Should_Get_List_Of_Books test simply uses BookAppService.GetListAsync method to get and check the list of users.

Add a new test that creates a valid new book:

[Fact]
public async Task Should_Create_A_Valid_Book()
{
    //Act
    var result = await _bookAppService.CreateAsync(
        new CreateUpdateBookDto
        {
            Name = "New test book 42",
            Price = 10,
            PublishDate = System.DateTime.Now,
            Type = BookType.ScienceFiction
        }
    );

    //Assert
    result.Id.ShouldNotBe(Guid.Empty);
    result.Name.ShouldBe("New test book 42");
}

Add a new test that tries to create an invalid book and fails:

[Fact]
public async Task Should_Not_Create_A_Book_Without_Name()
{
    var exception = await Assert.ThrowsAsync<Volo.Abp.Validation.AbpValidationException>(async () =>
    {
        await _bookAppService.CreateAsync(
            new CreateUpdateBookDto
            {
                Name = "",
                Price = 10,
                PublishDate = DateTime.Now,
                Type = BookType.ScienceFiction
            }
        );
    });

    exception.ValidationErrors
        .ShouldContain(err => err.MemberNames.Any(mem => mem == "Name"));
}
  • Since the Name is empty, ABP will throw an AbpValidationException.

Open the Test Explorer Window (use Test -> Windows -> Test Explorer menu if it is not visible) and Run All tests:

bookstore-appservice-tests

Congratulations, the green icons show, the tests have been successfully passed!

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